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Seeing Red

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Why Communism?
Capitalism is unfair and unjust and is ruining and exploiting the lives of millions of people around the world. The profits from workers labour goes straight into the hands of the greedy ruling elite. Under communism, the profits from workers labour would be shared out for the benefit of the workers themselves. This would, obviously, lead to a much better deal for the people of the world and help free the world from the shackles of impression viciously imposed by the leaders of the Capitalist world.
 
"The only way the bourgeosie have kept the living standards of the western proletariat fairly high is by enslaving the people of the third world, where any attempt to escape this slavery is brutally repressed. The sweatshops of underdeveloped countries produce the cheap goods that keep living costs low for the workers of the west"
 
  • The UN estimates that poor countries loose $1.3 per day due to unfair trade rules - 14 times the amount they recieve in aid
  • 70 percent of world trade is controlled by multinational corporations
  • The poorest 49 countries make up 10 percent of the world population but acount for only 0.4 percent of world trade.

Through communism it should be possible to abolish the class strugle, and prevent the vice like grip of western leaders using capitalism to control every economic aspect of our lives.

 

Frederick Engels'
PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNISM

What is Communism?

Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat.

What is the proletariat?

The proletariat is that class in society which lives entirely from the sale of its labor and does not draw profit from any kind of capital; whose weal and woe, whose life and death, whose sole existence depends on the demand for labor -- hence, on the changing state of business, on the vagaries of unbridled competition. The proletariat, or the class of proletarians, is, in a word, the working class of the 19th century.

What will a new communist social order  be like?

Above all, it will have to take the control of industry and of all branches of production out of the hands of mutually competing individuals, and instead institute a system in which all these branches of production are operated by society as a whole -- that is, for the common account, according to a common plan, and with the participation of all members of society.

It will, in other words, abolish competition and replace it with association.

Moreover, since the management of industry by individuals necessarily implies private property, and since competition is in reality merely the manner and form in which the control of industry by private property owners expresses itself, it follows that private property cannot be separated from competition and the individual management of industry. Private property must, therefore, be abolished and in its place must come the common utilization of all instruments of production and the distribution of all products according to common agreement -- in a word, what is called the communal ownership of goods.

In fact, the abolition of private property is, doubtless, the shortest and most significant way to characterize the revolution in the whole social order which has been made necessary by the development of industry -- and for this reason it is rightly advanced by communists as their main demand.

 

What will be the course of this revolution?

Above all, it will establish a democratic constitution, and through this, the direct or indirect dominance of the proletariat. Direct in England, where the proletarians are already a majority of the people. Indirect in France and Germany, where the majority of the people consists not only of proletarians, but also of small peasants and petty bourgeois who are in the process of falling into the proletariat, who are more and more dependent in all their political interests on the proletariat, and who must, therefore, soon adapt to the demands of the proletariat. Perhaps this will cost a second struggle, but the outcome can only be the victory of the proletariat.

Democracy would be wholly valueless to the proletariat if it were not immediately used as a means for putting through measures directed against private property and ensuring the livelihood of the proletariat. The main measures, emerging as the necessary result of existing relations, are the following:

    (i) Limitation of private property through progressive taxation, heavy inheritance taxes, abolition of inheritance through collateral lines (brothers, nephews, etc.) forced loans, etc.

    (ii) Gradual expropriation of landowners, industrialists, railroad magnates and shipowners, partly through competition by state industry, partly directly through compensation in the form of bonds.

    (iii) Confiscation of the possessions of all emigrants and rebels against the majority of the people.

    (iv) Organization of labor or employment of proletarians on publicly owned land, in factories and workshops, with competition among the workers being abolished and with the factory owners, in so far as they still exist, being obliged to pay the same high wages as those paid by the state.

    (v) An equal obligation on all members of society to work until such time as private property has been completely abolished. Formation of industrial armies, especially for agriculture.

    (vi) Centralization of money and credit in the hands of the state through a national bank with state capital, and the suppression of all private banks and bankers.

    (vii) Education of the number of national factories, workshops, railroads, ships; bringing new lands into cultivation and improvement of land already under cultivation -- all in proportion to the growth of the capital and labor force at the disposal of the nation.

    (viii) Education of all children, from the moment they can leave their mother's care, in national establishments at national cost. Education and production together.

    (ix) Construction, on public lands, of great palaces as communal dwellings for associated groups of citizens engaged in both industry and agriculture and combining in their way of life the advantages of urban and rural conditions while avoiding the one-sidedness and drawbacks of each.

    (x) Destruction of all unhealthy and jerry-built dwellings in urban districts.

    (xi) Equal inheritance rights for children born in and out of wedlock.

    (xii) Concentration of all means of transportation in the hands of the nation.

It is impossible, of course, to carry out all these measures at once. But one will always bring others in its wake. Once the first radical attack on private property has been launched, the proletariat will find itself forced to go ever further, to concentrate increasingly in the hands of the state all capital, all agriculture, all transport, all trade. All the foregoing measures are directed to this end; and they will become practicable and feasible, capable of producing their centralizing effects to precisely the degree that the proletariat, through its labor, multiplies the country's productive forces.

Finally, when all capital, all production, all exchange have been brought together in the hands of the nation, private property will disappear of its own accord, money will become superfluous, and production will so expand and man so change that society will be able to slough off whatever of its old economic habits may remain.

Dialectical Materialism

Communism is BASED on Dialectics by Hegel and Materialism by Feurbach, thus making DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM.

"Dialectical Materialism is an eternal cycle in which matter moves, a cycle that certainly only completes its orbit in periods of time for which our terrestrial year is no adequate measure, a cycle in which the time of highest development, the time of organic life and still more that of the life of being conscious of nature and of themselves, is just as narrowly restricted as the space in which life and self-consciousness come into operation. A cycle in which every finite mode of existence of matter, whether it be sun or nebular vapour, single animal or genus of animals, chemical combination or dissociation, is equally transient, and wherein nothing is eternal but eternally changing, eternally moving matter and the laws according to which it moves and changes"

Basically, Dialectical Materialism asserts the idea that matter is the fundemental building block of reality, and all the laws which regulate motion and matter also apply to reality itself. This is a important and valid counter argument to many idealist philosophers such as Descartes, who claimed "i think therefore i am" meaning to say that matter was the product of the mind, whereas Dialectical Materialism claims that mind was product of matter.

Where dialectical materialists differ from materialists is in the fact that they argue that the laws which govern matter are dialectical in nature. Thus, reality develops by way of dialectical contradiction in the way that Hegel said that all ideas and thought develop. It also means that social change is itself governed by underlying, material (read: economic) laws of nature. According to Lenin, dialectial materialism is:

"...nothing more nor less than the scientific method in sociology, which consists in regarding society as a living organism in a constant state of development, the study of which requires an objective analysis of the relations of production which constitute the given social formation and an investigation of its laws of functioning and development. "

Now that you have learnt the basics of Communism you can explore other areas of the sight to gain a broader spectrum of our beliefts..


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